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Buffalo Shooter Manifesto Released PDF Free Download, Publications From The 2022 Buffalo, New York Mass Shooting PDF Free Download, Buffalo Shooter Identified, Manifesto Released PDF.
“The Truth Is That My Own Life And Experiences Are Worthless.” I’m Just A White Man Looking To Protect And Serve His Community, People, Culture, And Race.”
These Words Were Written In A Manifesto That Was Posted Online Prior To An 18-year-old Gunman Entering A Grocery Store In Buffalo, New York And Opening Fire On Customers In The Parking Lot And Then Inside The Store.
Ten People Were Killed In The May 14 Incident, Which Mostly Targeted Black Shoppers, And Is Being Investigated As Racially Motivated Violent Extremism. Payton Gendron (The Buffalo Shooter), The Alleged Perpetrator, Livestreamed The Shooting And Posted The 180-page Manifesto, Which Was Widely Shared Online. This Point Of View Investigates The Buffalo Shooter’s Manifesto.
Terrorism Is A Form Of Communication In Which The Attack Target, Brutality, And Timing Are Designed Strategically To Send A Message. Self-proclaimed Terrorists, Such As The Buffalo Shooter, Use Manifestos To Develop And Deliver Strategic Communications About The Attack And Its Motivations.
In An Age Where Communication Technologies Dominate The Production, Consumption, And Exchange Of Ideas, The Instantaneous Sharing Of Manifestos, Now Combined With Livestreaming Of Actual Attacks, Necessitates A Thorough Reflection And Understanding Of These Common Elements Of Many Recent Attacks. Not Only Is Understanding The Online Content And Material Important, But So Is Understanding The Racialized And ‘othering’ Content That The Shooter Used To Justify The Attack.
In This Light, We Consider The Shooter’s Discussion Of The Great Replacement Theory, The Use And Inclusion Of Memes, And The Racialized Content Expressed In His Manifesto. Examining This Content Inside The Manifesto Allows Us To Better Understand The Larger Context As Well As The Specific Factors That Motivated This Perpetrator.
The Great Replacement Theory Is One Of The Most Prevalent Conspiracy Theories Expressed Throughout This Manifesto. Following Tarrant’s Terrorist Attack In Christchurch, New Zealand On March 15, 2019, The Great Replacement Theory Was Thrust Into Mainstream Discourse. When Looking At Google Trends, “Replacement Theory” Has Maintained A Consistent Presence In Google Searches Since Then.
The Majority Of Searches Originate In The United Kingdom, Ireland, The United States, New Zealand, And Canada. There Have Been Repeated Spikes In’replacement Theory’ Image Searches, And These Spikes Are Increasingly Frequent Beginning In Late-2020, Which Is Especially Relevant To The Buffalo Shooters’ Meme-filled Manifesto. On Far-right Websites And Messaging Platforms, These Trends Are Amplified.
According To The Great Replacement Theory, This’replacement’ Process Is Twofold. On The One Hand, Non-white People Go To White-majority Countries And Mate With People In Order To Have Non-white Children. Efforts Are Made, On The Other Hand, To ‘weaken’ The Existing White Race By Promoting Sexual And Gender Diversity, Which Would Discourage White People From Settling Into A Family Structure Focused On Producing Children. This Includes Getting Young White Men Addicted To Porn, Which Keeps Them Too Busy To Reproduce At All.
The Prevalence Of The Great Replacement Conspiracy Theory Explains Why, Despite The Shooting’s Target Being The Black Community, The Majority Of The First 57 Pages Of The Manifesto, Which Describes The Perpetrators Motivations, Focuses On Antisemitism, With The Remaining Pages Describing The Attack Plans. When Subjected To Textual Analysis, His Antisemitic Rants Throughout The Manifesto Outnumber His Focus On The Black Community.
The Belief In Both White Supremacy And White Victimisation Necessitates The Presence Of An Intelligent Coordinator Of The Replacement Effort, Which Is Often Framed As The Jewish Community. According To The Great Replacement Theory And The Buffalo Shooter, The Jewish Community Coordinates All Of The Above-mentioned Efforts, Making Them The ‘real’ Enemy In His Eyes.
The Pervasive Presence And Use Of Memes Is An Important Aspect Of This Manifesto. In This Regard, The Buffalo Shooter Is By No Means An Innovator, As We Have Seen In Far-right Networks And Attacks. The Christchurch Shooter, For Example, Adorned His Weapon With Memes And Made Reference To The Pewdiepie Meme.
As Ashley Mattheis Has Pointed Out, Memes Have Also Been Linked To Violent Incel Culture. In Fact, His Manifesto Contains Dozens Of Memes That Have Been Widely Circulated On The Internet, Including References To The “Great Replacement” And Other Antisemitic And Racist Content.
This Application Is An Intriguing Example Of Memetic Replication (P. 54) Amongst “Lone Actors” With No Formal Ties In Order To Create A Shared Transnational Cultural And Political Space.
Internet Memes, According To Shifman, Are “Units Of Popular Culture That Are Circulated, Imitated, And Transformed By Internet Users, Resulting In A Shared Cultural Experience.” In This Case, The Re-use Of The Same Memes Across Different Manifestos Speaks To The Same Cultural Space That The Online Extreme Right Now Occupies.
These Actors Are Not Associated With Any Particular Ideology, Terrorist Cell, Or Geographical Location. Rather, The Online Extreme-right Political Milieu Is Made Up Of “A Slew Of Heterogeneous Strands Of Diffuse Political Activities, Each With Its Own Justification Narrative” (P. 3). This Ecosystem Is Home To Young, Internet-savvy, Politically Astute People, But Its Underlying Connection Is Cultural And Extremely Visual.
In This Context, The Exchange Of Internet Memes Across Many Sites Like As 4chan, 8chan, Reddit, Discord, Or Twitch, Among Others, Allows Ideologically Disparate Individuals To Come Together Under A Same Umbrella Identity. This Collective Identity Is Only Possible Because Of Two Factors: First, The Technology That Underpins Modern Communication, And Second, The Identification Of A Common Enemy.
As Previously Stated, The Manifesto Is Obsessed With Jews And Black People. This Is Hardly Surprising, Given That Antisemitism And Rejection Of Civil Rights Movements Serve As A Focal Point Of Agreement For The Otherwise Heterogeneous Groups That Comprise The Online Extreme Right.
Having A Common Enemy, As Evidenced By The Extreme Right’s Over-reliance On Stereotype Visualization Through Wojak Faces Or The “Happy Merchant” Memes, Facilitates A Sense Of Intergroup Solidarity And Strengthens Inter-group Cooperation.
Internet Memes Incorporate Humor, Current Pop Aesthetics, And Old Tropes. This Is Significant Because It Demonstrates How Traditional Neo-nazi And White Supremacist Tenets And Symbolism Have Been Updated For And By The Extreme Right Online Sphere. Importantly, The Use Of Humour Allows For The Whitewashing Of Violence And The Dissemination Of Contentious Political Messages Among Less Extreme Or Even Mainstream Sites,
Since Their Ideological Charge Is Obscured By Flashy Aesthetics And Witty Punchlines. Internet Memes, In Particular, Are Used To Promote Extremist Narratives Using Pop Aesthetics, Humour, And Irony, Lowering The Barrier To Participation. The Fact That The Buffalo Shooters’ Manifesto Was Widely Distributed Online And In Traditional Media Heralds A New Wave Of Memetic Reproduction And Mainstreaming Of His Ideas Among The Unsuspecting General Public, Not To Mention The Extreme Right Online.
Highly Racist Elements Are Inherent In Both The Conspiracy Theories Expressed In The Manifesto, As Well As The Memes Included Extensively Within, Which Feature Frequently In Extreme Right Violence. The Manifesto’s Highly Racialized Content Is Based On Classic Racist Theories, Specifically That People Of Sub-saharan African Heritage Have Lower Iqs And That There Is A Jewish Community Of Elites Effectively Running The World.
The Blatant Racialization Is The Most Striking Aspect Of This Attack. The Attack’s Location In Buffalo Was Presumably Chosen Because Of Its High Ethnic Minority Residential Concentration. The Targeting Of Black People Is Absolute Here, While The Emphasis On How Jewish Groups Have All The Power, Including In Bringing Africans To America In The First Place, Did Not Lead To Their Targeting, Even Though Racialisation Is Clear In His Manifesto.
The Crucial Point To Highlight Here Is The Degree To Which Racism Can Be Found Within. While It Speaks To Extreme Right-wing Ideas Of Whiteness, The Actions Of The Buffalo Shooter Suggest The Continuation Of A Generalisation Of The Discourse Of White Supremacy Found In Mainstream Politics (For Example, Donald Trump In The United States, Brexit In The United Kingdom, Or Viktor Orbán In Hungary).
It’s Also Noticeable In Media Discourses Where People Like Tucker Carlson On Fox News Or Nigel Farage Both Generate Generalizable White Supremacy That Isn’t Explicit About Its True Intentions. However, The Implicit Viewpoints Therein Relate To The Dismissal Of Diversity And The Idea That ‘others’ Are A Risk To The’self,’
Whether At The Individual, National, Or Global North Levels Where Ideas Of Whiteness Already Have A Hold. Targeting Visible, Marginalised, Excluded, And Alienated Members Of Society Reflects A One-sided, Exclusive Narrative Instilled In The Attacker By The Mainstreaming Of Such Narratives Above. The Great Replacement Theory Lies At The Heart Of This Racist Ideology.
The Manifesto Of The Buffalo Shooters Reflects A Young White Person Who Believes That Their Future Has Been Jeopardised By The Mere Presence Of Others. This Perceived Threat Associated With The Presence Of Non-white Others Has Been Facilitated, In Part,
By Limited Actions And Regulation By Tech Platforms, But Also Due To Inadequate Critical Thinking Context In Education, Among Other Factors. Other Recent Events, Such As The Black Lives Matter Demonstrations In America (And The Protests That Followed), Are Also Included In This Narrative. Racism Continues To Rear Its Ugly Head, As Seen By This Act Of Violent Extremism.
In Contrary To Other Recent Far-right Manifestos Discussed Above, There Is A Comparative Dearth Of The Anti-muslim And Anti-islamic Framing, Or Broader Anti-immigrant And Anti-minority Sentiment That Was So Prominent In The Breivik (2011), Tarrant (2018),
And Halle (2019) Attacks. While Sadiq Khan, The Mayor Of London, And Tayyip Erdogan, The President Of Turkey, Are Both Mentioned Under The Theme Of “Killing High-profile Enemies,” General Anti-muslim Or Anti-islamic Rhetoric Is Minimal In This Manifesto.
Notably, After The First Discussion Of Birth Rates, There Is Almost No Mention Of Women Or Feminism. In General, The Manifesto Is Less Concerned With The Weakening Of The White Family Structure Component Of The Great Replacement Theory. In This Category, Gendron Seems To Be Only Concerned With Transgender People And Porn Addiction,
Both Of Which Are Featured As Problems In The Memes He Has Chosen To Include. The Buffalo Shooter Mentions The Lgbtq Community To Stress That He Has No Problem With Gay, Lesbian, And Bisexual People As Long As They Are ‘loyal.’ As Previously Said, Online Communities Are Cultural And Highly Visual, Thus A Thorough Understanding Of The Concepts Being Discussed Is Not Required.
An Examination Of The Manifesto Reveals Many Significant Issues. To Begin, The Creation And Dissemination Of Manifestos Seems To Be Becoming More Common In Far-right Attacks, And They Are Often Disseminated Widely Online And Covered Extensively In The Media. It Also Highlights How He Drew Off The Manifesto Of Another Perpetrator – The Christchurch Shooter – In The Case Of The Buffalo Shooter, Suggesting Some Influence And Overlap With Other Perpetrators.
The Shooter Also Said He Was Motivated Mostly By The Great Replacement Theory – A Theory That Has Been Used By Other Attackers And Is Also Making Its Way Into Mainstream Discourses. The Attacker, Too, Was Particularly, And Maybe Uniquely, Active In His Use Of Memes In His Manifesto, Implying That This “Unit Of Popular Culture” Was Particularly Appealing To Him.
Finally, Like With Many Other Recent Far-right Attacks, The Racist Elements That Influenced The Attack Targets Saw Him Target Black Americans, Despite The Fact That In His Manifesto, He Blames Jews For This “Great Replacement.”
These Points Raise Important Concerns That Must Be Addressed In Order To Better Understand And Respond To Each Element Individually. It Is The Responsibility Of It Companies That Host Such Materials To Ensure That Their Platforms Are Not Used To Host Such Materials.
There Are Also Ramifications For The Media In Terms Of How They Cover And Amplify Such Manifestos And The Themes Contained Therein. The Need Of Education And Critical Thinking In Countering Some Of The Prevalent Narratives Expressed In This And Many Other Manifestos Is Also Clear.
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